Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) — also called prostate gland enlargement — is a common condition as men get older. An enlarged prostate gland can cause uncomfortable urinary symptoms, such as blocking the flow of urine out of the bladder. It can also cause bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems.
So, it occurs when the cells of the prostate gland begin to multiply. These additional cells cause your prostate gland to swell, which squeezes the urethra and limits the flow of urine.
The patient may complain for incomplete bladder emptying, nocturia, dribbling at the end of your urinary stream, incontinence, or leakage of urine, the need to strain when urinating, a weak urinary stream, a sudden urge to urinate, a slowed or delayed urinary stream, painful urination, blood in the urine.
There are various causes like Urinary tract infection, Inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis), Narrowing of the urethra (urethral stricture), Scarring in the bladder neck as a result of previous surgery, Bladder or kidney stones, Problems with nerves that control the bladder, Cancer of the prostate or bladder.
There are risk factors which increase the incidences of BPH are:- Aging. Prostate gland enlargement rarely causes signs and symptoms in men younger than age 40; Family history; Diabetes and heart disease and obesity.
Preventive measures for BPH are do exercises to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles, limit how much caffeine and alcohol you take in; lower the amount of fluids you drink, especially before you go out or go to bed, pee when you first feel the urge because it’s easier on your bladder,Stay warm. Cold can make it feel more urgent to pee.
For diagnosing BPH proper history taking is done, then proper physical examination will done. Apart from that Urinalysis, Prostatic biopsy, Urodynamic test, Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, Post-void residual, Cystoscopy, Intravenous pyelography or urography are the various diagnostic criteria that can be done according to the need and condition of the patient.
In Ayurveda there are various therapies and medicines are given for the proper treatment. The therapies that can be provided are Uttar basti, snehan, swedan etc according to the condition of the patient. The medicines that can be provided are chandraprabha vati, varunadi kwath, trinpanchmool kwath, kanchnar guggul etc.
Sesame seeds, salmon, bell peppers, broccoli, tomatoes, avocados, pumpkin seeds, soybeans green leafy vegetables, tofu etc are the food products that help in getting relief from the symptoms of BPH.
Yoga therapies like Baddha Konasana, Virasana, Supta Padangusthasana, Janusirsasana, Dhanurasana, Biparitkarani Mudra etc are advised by the therapist according to the condition.