On the basis of dosha involvement,Kushta (Skin diseases) has been divided in many types by Acharyas in Ayurveda, but mainly as Mhakushta and kshudra kushta.
Ek-kushta is one of kshudra-kushta. Aswdanam (not perspire), mahavastu (extensive) and yana-masyoshakalopamam (looks like fish scale), arun varna (discoloration) are the main symptoms ek-kushta. In modern era, different types of pollution, lack of proper diet, uses of various cosmetic, chemicals, disturbed sleeping patterns and life style, all these lead prevalence of skin diseases day by day.
Line of Ayurvedic treatment for kushta is shodhan and shaman chikitsa. Shodhan chikitsa can be given by Vaman (emesis), Virechana (purgation), and Raktamokshana (jaloka / leech therapy).
A 36 years old male patient came to us with following chief compliant –
Patient was having history of –
Following procedures were followed while giving treatment-
Pacahana was done before proceeding to panchakarma.
Panchakarma ( Shodhan chikitsa)
To balance the Kapha dosha and to reduce the itching and oozing which is mainly caused due to kapha dosha.
Madanfal , yashtimadhu, vacaha ,pippali were used for vaman .
To balance the Pitta dosha and to reduce redness and oozing through skin.
Ichabhedi Rasa was used for virechana.
Jaluka / leech was used for betterment of the blood and therefore reducing skin problem.
Various medications were used enlisted below-
Mud therapy can prevent and treat damage cause to the skin due to excessive heat. It has the ability to heal the body from the inside and correct any disease.
Being rich in magnesium chloride, it has cooling property that helps to skin from inflammation. Herbal lepa has shown to have antipyretic, fungicidal, antihistamine and antiseptic property.
When patient is immersed in the water, there is an increase in the blood supply to the muscles, which in turn increase muscle metabolism to remove toxins.
As described in the Samheetas Shodhan chikitsa is the best for any skin problems.
So in this case also, due to panchakarma symptoms of the patient reduced greatly, like itching, oozing through skin and redness.
With jaloka avcaharana, localized healing of skin improved greatly.
Different medications were used to
Gandhak Rsayana having properties of raktadushtinashak and kushtagna as well as remarkable property of reducing itching , so reduces the symtom of kandu of patient.
Kaishore guggulu acts on blood, helping to purify it and reducing heat. Krumikuthar ras beneficial on Kfaj krumi to reduce, as kafa leads to formation of krumi.
Hence above case study shows that, Ayurvedic herbs along with panchkarma therapy shows highly significant results in Kushta.