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What is Epilepsy??

Epilepsy is a central nervous system disorder which causes recurrent seizures, prolonged period of unconsciousness or unusual behaviour. At least 2 provoked seizures are necessary for the condition to come under Epilepsy. The symptoms occur due to the deranged electrical activity of the brain. About 50 million people worldwide are affected by epilepsy. The involuntary movements may affect a single body part (partial) or the entire body(generalised). The frequency of seizures may also vary from person to person. It may range from 1 seizure per year to several per day.

Seizures are the primary symptom of Epilepsy. Symptoms may vary according to the type of epilepsy patient is experiencing.

Focal or partial seizures

  • Simple partial seizure does not involve loss of consciousness. Symptoms include dizziness, twitching of limbs, altered sense of smell, sight, taste, hearing and touch.
  • Complex partial seizure causes loss of consciousness along with added symptoms like repetitive movements, staring blankly and unresponsive to external stimuli.

Generalised seizures

They are of six types:

  • Absence seizures causes repetitive movements like lip smacking, blinking etc. The patient usually stares blankly and has loss of sense of awareness.
  • Tonic seizures involve stiffness of muscles
  • Atonic seizures cause loss of muscle control and patient falls suddenly.
  • Myoclonic seizures cause twitching of limbs

Tonic clonic seizures cause loss of consciousness, stiffening of body, tongue biting and loss of bladder and bowel control.

Family history of Epilepsy

Trauma to head

Infectious diseases affecting brain like meningitis, encephalitis and HIV infection

Developmental disorders like Autism

Trauma to brain during birth or in womb


Family history of epilepsy

Younger and older people

Presence of stroke or any other vascular diseases

Trauma to head

Dementia in old people

Infections of brain like meningitis and encephalitis

Have a question?

Stroke related epilepsy should be prevented by taking proper measures like controlling blood pressure, stopping alcohol consumption, smoking, doing exercise regularly etc.

Childhood brain infections should be controlled with proper education, vaccination and sanitation.

Trauma to head should be prevented


Epilepsy is treated with a holistic approach involving diet, lifestyle modifications, yoga, meditation, oral medications and panchkarma therapies like Shirodhara, Shirobasti, Nasya etc.

Before things get out of hand, consult your doctor. The sooner the better