Epilepsy is a central nervous system disorder which causes recurrent seizures, prolonged period of unconsciousness or unusual behaviour. At least 2 provoked seizures are necessary for the condition to come under Epilepsy. The symptoms occur due to the deranged electrical activity of the brain. About 50 million people worldwide are affected by epilepsy. The involuntary movements may affect a single body part (partial) or the entire body(generalised). The frequency of seizures may also vary from person to person. It may range from 1 seizure per year to several per day.
Seizures are the primary symptom of Epilepsy. Symptoms may vary according to the type of epilepsy patient is experiencing.
Focal or partial seizures
They are of six types:
Tonic clonic seizures cause loss of consciousness, stiffening of body, tongue biting and loss of bladder and bowel control.
Family history of Epilepsy
Trauma to head
Infectious diseases affecting brain like meningitis, encephalitis and HIV infection
Developmental disorders like Autism
Trauma to brain during birth or in womb
Family history of epilepsy
Younger and older people
Presence of stroke or any other vascular diseases
Trauma to head
Dementia in old people
Infections of brain like meningitis and encephalitis
Stroke related epilepsy should be prevented by taking proper measures like controlling blood pressure, stopping alcohol consumption, smoking, doing exercise regularly etc.
Childhood brain infections should be controlled with proper education, vaccination and sanitation.
Trauma to head should be prevented
Epilepsy is treated with a holistic approach involving diet, lifestyle modifications, yoga, meditation, oral medications and panchkarma therapies like Shirodhara, Shirobasti, Nasya etc.