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Nephritic Syndrome

What is Nephritic Syndrome??

A group of symptoms due to the inflammation of the kidney is known nephritic syndrome. Depending upon the part of the nephron, which is the functional unit of kidney involved, it is divided into: glomerulonephritis (inflammation in glomerulus), pyelonephritis(usually starting from bladder going up the ureter) and interstitial nephritis(between the tubules).

Symptoms vary according to the types of nephritis. General symptoms include:

Pain in pelvis

Burning sensation while urinating

Presence blood, pus in urine

Presence of cloudy urine

Vomiting

Loss of appetite

Fever

High blood pressure

Swelling in face, legs and feet

It may be due to an infection, allergic reaction or any other disease condition.

Common causes in children and adolescents are:

Haemolytic Uremic Syndrome: A digestive system infection that causes release of toxic substances and causes damage to red blood cells and kidneys.

Henoch-Schönlein purpura : A disease that involves purple spots on the skin, joint pain, gastrointestinal problems and glomerulonephritis.

Streptococcal infection

IgA Nephropathy: IgA antibodies build up in kidney tissues. 

Common causes in adults:

Endocarditis

Vasculitis

Viral infections like measles and mumps

Hepatitis B and C

Abdominal abscess

Good pasture syndrome (immune system attacks the glomeruli)

Family history of kidney diseases

Taking medications for pain and inflammation for a prolonged period of time.

Presence of other immune system disorders like lupus

Have a question?

Herbal medications to treat the root cause and stop further damage are prescribed by qualified doctors.

Before things get out of hand, consult your doctor. The sooner the better